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The diagnosis and treatment of gum disease

istock 1067628004 1 Daily brushing and flossing of the teeth can help in preventing the buildup of plaque, bacteria, and food particles in the mouth. At the same time, these steps taken after every meal and every day can significantly reduce a patient’s risk of developing gum disease. Gum disease, referred to by our team at Arcadia Dental Arts as periodontal disease, is a condition that is completely preventable—and irreversible once is develops. This is why Dr. John Pappas and his team educate patients on the importance of maintaining a healthy smile with routine care.

What is gum disease?

When an infection develops in the mouth, it is often periodontal disease. Periodontal disease is the development of an infection and inflammation that starts in the soft tissues of the mouth, commonly the gums. Bacteria resides in pockets that develop between the gums and the teeth, growing and multiply while increasing the infection. Undiagnosed and untreated, gum disease can develop to the point that it damages the gums and bone of the jaw, while causing the loss of natural adult teeth. Our team at Arcadia Dental Arts encourages patients to get an early diagnosis of gum disease and find effective treatment as soon as possible.

How is periodontal disease diagnosed?

A physical evaluation as well as x-rays can help in the detection of gum disease. Patients who notice problems such as red, swollen gums or gums that bleed may have the earlier stage known as gingivitis. If caught at this point, most patients can control the infection and maintain a healthy smile. The later stages are far more damaging.

What treatment options are available for gum disease?

Most patients will benefit from:

  • Deep, thorough cleanings such as scaling and root planing
  • Antibiotics
  • More routine visits to the dentist to monitor the condition
  • Oral care steps at home to keep the infection from spreading

Call Arcadia Dental Arts today

If you are interested in learning more about the diagnosis and treatment of periodontal disease, Dr. John Pappas and his team can help. Phoenix, AZ area patients are welcome to call the office at (602) 957-9643 to schedule an appointment at our facility located at 4124 North 40th Street. We offer cosmetic and family dentistry to new and current patients in the practice.

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