Temporomandibular Joint |TMJ In Phoenix
Causes Of TMJ Disorders
There’s still no definitive answer for what causes this disorder but research shows the following likely play a role:
- Trauma or injury to the jaw
- Grinding or clenching of the teeth, also called bruxism
- Misaligned bite
Signs of a TMJ Disorder
According to the American Dental Association, over 15% of Americans suffer from chronic facial pain including headaches, earaches or jaw pain. Most of the symptoms of TMJ dysfunction include one or more of the following:
- Difficulty or pain when chewing
- Clicking or popping when opening the mouth
- Teeth grinding or clenching
- Pain or ringing in the ears
- Headaches or migraines
- Facial or jaw aches and pains
- ‘Lock jaw’
Many doctors and dentists address the symptoms of TMD but don’t treat the actual source of the issue. Dr. Pappas believes in getting to the root of the problem that is causing the pain or discomfort. Customized treatment plans are vital for success as there’s no one size fits all solution since every case of TMD is unique.
A variety of approaches are used to treat TMD. These can run from relaxation exercises at home to anti-inflammatory medications, from traditional dental work to creating a splint for nighttime use. Sometimes, it’s a process of trial and error for Dr. Pappas as TMD can be difficult to pinpoint causation. In these cases, Dr. Pappas will try a certain approach and if it doesn’t have the desired effect, he’ll move to the next option.
- Cosmetic dentistry— To correct alignment, we can replace missing teeth with dental implants or bridges, crown overly worn teeth, or move the teeth with orthodontics. This can involve widening constricted arches.
- Splints or night guards — Night grinding and clenching is often a main factor in TMD. To combat this, it’s important to put the jaw in the correct position at night. To do this, we fabricate plastic mouthpieces that fit over the upper and lower teeth. These are usually only worn at night.
- Exercises — Tightening the jaw muscles and clenching the teeth is a common cause of TMD problems. We have various jaw exercises that stimulate and relax the jaw muscles.
- Medication— Muscle relaxants and anti-inflammatory medication can be effective.
- Lifestyle changes — Stress and anxiety are often root causes; stress reduction techniques are important.
- Transcutaneous electrical nerve stimulation (TENS) — Small electrical pulses are delivered to the jaw muscles through a small wand. These pulses stimulate the nerves, encouraging the muscles to relax and the jaw to fall into alignment.
- Botox injections — While Botox is known for its ability to erase wrinkles on the upper third of the face, it can also be used for TMD patients. It is very effective for relaxing the overused muscles that lead to TMD pain.
Leaving TMJ Untreated
People sometimes believe their TMD is simply the result of a phase in life, such as a stressful situation at work. If the stressors are removed, a person’s TMD may resolve itself. But if the jaw is out of alignment, the condition needs treatment. Correction may be as simple as creating a custom night guard to wear while sleeping to stop teeth grinding and clenching, or treatment may be much more involved. Every case is unique. In extreme cases, surgery could be necessary.
If you opt to do nothing and your jaw is out of alignment, you’re headed for chronic pain — pain in your jaws, mouth, teeth, ears, neck, shoulders, and head. This is completely unnecessary thanks to Dr. Pappas’s experience treating TMD.
How Dr. Pappas Diagnoses TMJ
Other tests are also employed, if necessary:
- Full-face x-rays, MRIs, or CT scans — These may be used to view the position of the jaw and temporomandibular joints.
- Sonography – Sound waves are used to determine whether there are any problems with jaw alignment. Dr. Pappas also listens for any abnormal sounds emanating from the jaw.
- Electromyography (EMG) – This method uses the electricity generated by jaw muscles to measure both muscle and nerve function. It can help to see when there is a reaction (such as pain) to movement.
- Computerized test equipment — This is used to measure the correct resting position of the jaw, identifying misalignment problems.
How long will it take to feel relief with treatment?
Full resolution of your pain with TMD can take up to a couple of years. Timeframes are really impossible to estimate because each patient has a unique set of conditions leading to his or her TMD. If serious dental conditions must be addressed with treatment such as orthodontics, treatment may take up to a couple of years. In other cases, TMJ may resolve on its own when a person realizes they are clenching their jaw and creating other stresses. Sometimes, something as simple as wearing a night guard changes everything. Once Dr. Pappas is able to examine your unique situation he can give you an idea of what will be involved in moving past the pain.
Is my TMJ treatment covered by insurance?
Most insurance companies view temporomandibular joint disorder as a medical condition more than a dental procedure, and treatment is usually covered. At Arcadia Dental Arts, we work with insurance companies to find the best possible coverage for our patients.
Exercises To Avoid Stress And TMJ
- Relaxed jaw exercise — Place you tongue on the roof of your mouth behind your front teeth. Consciously let your lower jaw relax downward, slightly separating your teeth.
- Goldfish exercises — Place an index finger in front of your ear where your TMJ is located. Put another finger on your chin. Open your jaw either halfway or all the way and feel the slight resistance.
- Chin tuck — Lightly link your hands behind your bottom to push your shoulders forward. Now pull your chin straight back as if you’re trying to create a double chin.
- Jaw resistance — Put your thumb under your chin and create some resistance as you open your mouth. Pinch your chin with forefingers and thumb of both hands to hold it when your mouth is open. Then close your mouth feeling the resistance.
- Tongue up — Hold your tongue up against the roof of your mouth, and then slowly open and close your mouth.
- Side-to-side and forward jaw movement — Place an object that’s about ¼ inch between your front teeth. First move your jaw slowly from side to side with the object between your teeth. Then do the same thing, but this time move your bottom jaw forward so your bottom teeth are in front of your top teeth.
Dr. Pappas has over 20 years of experience helping patients identify the source of their TMJ related discomfort. If you’re tired of living in pain, call us right now at 602.957.9643 and start your journey to healing.